How to Come Up with a Professional CV.


When applying for certain positions  either locally or internationally, you may be required to present a curriculum vitae rather than a resume. A a curriculum vita, or CV, includes more information than your typical resume, including information of your education and academic achievements, research, publications, awards, affiliations, and many more.

What to Include in a Curriculum Vitae.

A curriculum vita, usually referred to as CV, is a long document that may contain two or more pages and has more detailed synopsis than a resume. Your CV should be clear, concise, complete, and up-to-date with current employment and educational information.

The following are examples of information that can be incorporated in your curriculum vitae. The essentials that you include will depend on what you are applying for, so be sure to include the most important information to support your candidacy in your CV.

  1. Personal details and contact information. Most CVs start with contact information and personal data but take care to avoid superfluous details, such as religious affiliation, children’s names and so on.
  2. Education and qualifications. Be keen to include the names of institutions and dates attended in reverse order; PhD, Masters, Undergraduate.
  3. Work experience/employment history. The most widely accepted style of employment record is the chronological curriculum vitae. Your career history should be presented in reverse date order starting with most current. Achievements and responsibilities are listed for each role. More emphasis/information should be put on more recent jobs.
  4. Skills. Include computer skills, foreign language skills, and any other recent training that is relevant to the role applied for.
  5. Brief biography
  6. Scholarships
  7. Training
  8. Study abroad
  9. Dissertations
  10. Theses
  11. Bibliography
  12. Research experience
  13. Graduate fieldwork
  14. Teaching experience
  15. Publications
  16. Presentations and lectures
  17. Exhibitions
  18. Awards and honors
  19. Grants, fellowships, and assistant-ships
  20. Technical, computer, and language skills
  21. Professional licenses and certifications
  22. Memberships
  23. Hobbies and Interests

What Not to Include;

There is no need to include your photo, your salary history, the reason you left your previous position, or references in your CV. References should be listed separately and given to employers upon request.

How Long Should a CV Be?

Good curriculum vitae should ideally cover no more than two pages and never more than three. Aim to make sure the content is clear, structured, concise and relevant. Using bullet points rather than full sentences can help minimize word usage.